Thursday, June 11, 2020
The Impact of Roots and Identity in The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion - Literature Essay Samples
The rastaman never gets involved Ã¢â¬Å"with the muddy affairs of landÃ¢â¬ , he would rather proudly explore his Jamaican roots in order to overcome the constant clash inside hybrid beings. The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion is the epitome of the instability of hybrid identity and as such, it brings us to reflect upon the roots and identity of the personas, i.e. the rastaman and the cartographer. Kei Miller explores the past as well as both the physical and spiritual places which constitute his roots in order to illuminate the present. However, a significant part of The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion evinces control over the emotions implied by roots, as the persona learns to embrace the British culture and admits both a rastaman and a cartographer lie in him. It takes some retrospection, in this case the probing of the intangible, spiritual, or physical place we come from to truly understand who we are and why we are acting in a certain way in the present. Therefore, Kei Miller draws towards his home and heart, referred to as Zion, in order to find a certain harmony and comfort in the face of adversity, in this case, the clash of cultures or to a larger extent, post-colonialism. In the poem in which the rastaman gives a sermon, the use of the religiously connotated noun Ã¢â¬Å"sermonÃ¢â¬ has two meanings: either it is a religious talk which gives us the indication that Miller is on his way to understand where he has come from and ready to be in communion with himself or sermon in the sense of a long or tedious piece of admonition. The first meaning reminds us of the beginning of the poem: Ã¢â¬Å"the rastaman says: to get to Zion you must begin // with a heartbless, a small tilt of the head, a nodÃ¢â¬ , in which Zion is the place you find after a long quest for peace and harmony, whereas if the meaning of a long or tedious piece of admonition is retained, we can stop after Ã¢â¬Å"to get to Zion you mustÃ¢â¬ , for in this case, the whole poem giving instructions on how to get to Zion is pointless, like a sermon Ã¢â¬â you do not get to your roots, but you do sometimes have to find them. Indeed, there is no use in trying to find Zion for Ã¢â¬Å"lions who trod donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry bout reading Zion. In time is Zion that reach to the lionsÃ¢â¬ , the metaphor of lions, being us, implies that Zion is not a place which you find but rather a state of mind which finds you at the right time. Kei Millers literary works convey a sense of insurrection, as they denote a lack of will to comply to the Western worldÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural and linguistic requirements and expectations. Hence, it is as if Kei Miller was evoking an irreplaceable bond with our home Ã¢â¬â both homeland and spiritual place, our principal roots Ã¢â¬â, which is however being challenged by the timeless post-colonial matters such as hybridity and the sudden shift of culture. The inherent character of identity is put forth in the collection The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion. Kei Miller refuses to abandon his identity and forget his origins even once he lives in the Western world; this is demonstrated by the use of Jamaican patwah in each poem whose speaker is the rastaman. In QuashieÃ¢â¬â¢s Verse, Ã¢â¬Å"quashieÃ¢â¬ being a person who is of low breeding and class in Jamaican patwah and in this poem referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"He // who can no longer // measure by kend or by // chamma or by ermijj aÃ¢â¬ , the combination of patwah use and enjambements strikingly convey a sense of belonging to the Jamaican community and a disapproval of the Western conventions: Kei Miller refuses to use official, academic British English, thus as a reader, we feel as if he was using a way to display disapproval of the colonizing country. Moreover, the use of enjambements reinforces the idea that Kei Miller refuses conventions. In his 2012 PhD thesis, Jamaica to the world: a study of Jamaican (and West Indian) epistolary practices, it reads: Ã¢â¬Å"the descendants of all the various race groups began to forge a unified identity and see themselves as Caribbean people, then it is they also begin to migrate Ã¢â¬â to separate themselves from the islands which had finally become homeÃ¢â¬ , the inherent character of identity is highlighted with the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"unified identityÃ¢â¬ , which blends together unification, an ensemble, and identity, which is strictly personal and proper to an in dividual by definition. The metaphor Ã¢â¬Å"homeÃ¢â¬ referring to the Caribbean islands and the fact that Caribbean peoples are forced to leave their hometown refer to colonialism and denote a certain bitterness during postcolonialism from the colonized populationsÃ¢â¬â¢ behalf. In The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion, Kei Millers roots highly influence Kei Millers writing and journey to the eternal Zion, inasmuch as his mentioning of roots is emotionally driven. We even notice a sense of progression throughout the collection in terms of the impact of roots, for there is a rise in tension. Such a tension is caused by the evident reclaiming of territories and disapproval towards colonists behaviour and actions. For example, in the poem in which the rastaman disagrees, disapproval is made obvious from its very title: Ã¢â¬Å"disagreesÃ¢â¬ . As a reader, we do not know why the rastaman disagrees, therefore there is a sense of wait created as the justification is being postponed, thus being longed-for. The following passage of the poem is crucial to the understanding of Kei MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s views on colonialism and mapmaking: Ã¢â¬Å"the mapmakerÃ¢â¬â¢s work is to make visible // all them things that shoulda never exist in the first place // like the con quest of pirates, like borders, // like the viral spread of governmentsÃ¢â¬ . We feel tension, as it is obvious the rastamanÃ¢â¬â¢s emotions are involved in the simile Ã¢â¬Å"viral spread of governmentsÃ¢â¬ . He compares colonialism to a disease, thus something which no-one wants to exist in the first place, like a cancerous cell within an organism spreading or, at a larger scale, a virus spreading in a population; this simile is emphasized by the anaphoric repetition if the comparative adverb Ã¢â¬Å"likeÃ¢â¬ and the harsh sounds echoing when we read the consonants in Ã¢â¬Å"viral spread of governmentsÃ¢â¬ . Such harshness in those consonantsÃ¢â¬â¢ sounds can be likened to colonizersÃ¢â¬â¢ firm grip and unrighteous mindset. Thus, the mapmakerÃ¢â¬â¢s work is to make visible the consequences of disasters which occurred under colonialism. Nonetheless, Kei Miller stays thankful to England, an ex-colonizer and current hosting country of the poet, as he embraces the English culture he henceforth considers as part of himself. Naturally, in this respect Kei Millers roots have an impact neither on the poems nor on us, as readers. In the same poem, in which the rastaman disagrees, surprisingly, Miller is showing evidence of attachment to one of his homelands, after all: Britain, in Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â like board houses, and the corner shop from which Miss Katie sell her famous peanut porridgeÃ¢â¬ . Here, Kei Miller accepts the British culture for he openly refers to a traditional British meal, furthermore the importance of this Britain-dedicated part of the sentence is emphasized by the use of a dash; he respects Britain and considers its culture and moors. It can also be argued that roots do not have an impact in some of the poems, for example in which the cartographer asks for directions, for conversations between rastaman a nd cartographer occur within MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s mind: the rastaman speaks, to which the cartographer answers: Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ . Miller is indeed both a rastaman and a cartographer at the same time, and all of this is just an illustration of the internal conflict of a hybrid being. Kei Miller explores his ancestorsÃ¢â¬â¢ past and his own roots to elucidate the mystery of identity and draws towards his heart to acquire a whole new exclusively placid and lucid vision of reality, to which adds the revolt of Jamaicans, who are strongly bonded thanks to the inherence of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s roots. The impact of roots evolves throughout The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion, giving birth to a self acceptance as a hybrid individual, consequently the duality between the emotional rastaman and the rational cartographer is being accepted, as Kei Miller realises he has both in him. Both personalities are complementary, thus the newly wise Kei Miller is being found by Zion, a place where mapmakers and immapancy adepts match, in short where harmony resides.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Hamlet -- Spirituality Does the Shakespearean drama Hamlet represent a strictly secular writing, or does it veer into the spiritual dimension from time to time? This essay will delve into the spiritual side of the play. In Ã¢â¬Å"Judgment in HamletÃ¢â¬ Gunnar Boklund discusses the spiritual dimension of the ghost of King Hamlet: It is a commonplace to refer to HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"dilemmaÃ¢â¬ and a critical problem to explain in what this dilemma consists. A natural way to come to terms with the problem is obviously through the character that forces the dilemma upon Hamlet, that is to say, the Ghost. This is a particularly attractive approach, since it promises to bring the findings of modern research into ElizabethanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Elizabethan drama was almost wholly secular; and while Shakespeare was writing he practically confined his view to the world of non-theological observation and thought, so that he represents it substantially in one and the same way whether the period of the story is pre-Christian or Christian (40). The first soliloquy, or Ã¢â¬Å"act of talking to oneself, whether silently or aloudÃ¢â¬ (Abrams 289), occurs when the hero is left alone after the royal social gathering in the room of state in the castle of Elsinore. He is dejected by the Ã¢â¬Å"oÃ¢â¬â¢erhasty marriageÃ¢â¬ of his mother to his uncle. His first soliloquy emphasizes two religious/moral themes: the corruption of the world at large, and the frailty of women Ã¢â¬â an obvious reference to his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s hasty and incestuous marriage to her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s brother: Must I remember? why, she would hang on him, As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on: and yet, within a month-- Let me not think ont--Frailty, thy name is woman!Ã¢â¬â(1.2) The first soliloquy ends with the arrival of Horatio, the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s closest friend (Ã¢â¬Å"Horatio, thou art een as just a man / As eer my conversation coped withal.Ã¢â¬ ), and Marcellus, who escort the prince to the ramparts of Elsinore. At the ghostÃ¢â¬â¢s request, Hamlet swears to carry out vengeance on King Claudius for the murder of his father. John Dover Wilson in What Happens in Hamlet tells how the Bard envelopes the ghost in a Ã¢â¬Å"contemporaryShow MoreRelated Spirituality in Shakespeares Hamlet Essay2389 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesÃ Ã Ã Ã Can anyone possibly deny the spirituality within the Shakespearean tragedy Hamlet? Yes, some literary critics do. But most critics agree with the contention of this paper Ã¢â¬â that there is considerable spirituality present in the play. In his essay Ã¢â¬Å"Hamlet: His Own Falstaff,Ã¢â¬ Harold Goddard sees that Hamlet was made for Ã¢â¬Å"religionÃ¢â¬ and several other purposes: He [Hamlet] was made, that is, for religion and philosophy, for love and art, for liberty to Ã¢â¬Å"grow unto himselfÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â five forcesRead MoreEssay about Hidden Spirituality in Shakespeares Hamlet2169 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe author of this essay, the obvious presence of considerable spirituality within the Shakespearean tragedy Hamlet. The purpose of this paper is to identify and elaborate on selected spiritual elements in the play. Not all critics appreciate the spirituality in Hamlet. A.C. BradleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and Macbeth presents a different interpretation regarding the presence of spirituality within the play: For although this or that dramatis personaRead MoreEssay about Indecisiveness in Hamlet839 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesShakespeares Hamlet is truly a great play to analyze. It is also unique in that a play based on revenge we dont see any action until the end. Hamlet has immediate suspicion and proof of his fathers murder and does not act. This poses the question, why does it take so long for Hamlet to kill Claudius? Hamlets apparent indecisiveness to act is due to his constant habit of over thinking in addition to several conscious and subconscious distractions. Immediately following Hamlets conversationRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Hamlet Essay751 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Hamlet Hamlet might well claim to be Shakespeares most famous play because of its language and the charm of its central character. Shakespeare wrote some thirty-eight plays. Taken individuallyRead MoreHamlet, By William Shakespeare1470 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHamlet was composed by William Shakespeare, first performed in July 1602 and first published in printed form in 1603. An inherent tension between confrontation and resolution is revealed through HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s characterisation within ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play. It is evident that there is a significant level of internal confliction that contributes to the amount of tension. Conflicted emotions, in relation to HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s morals and beliefs, cause a distinct increase in tension, yet recognition of ones human natureRead MoreHamlet by William Shakespeare542 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagesstricken due to the loss of a loved one. Hamlet is suffering the loss of his father, King Hamlet of Denmark, who he believes was murdered by his own brother Claudius. Samuel Johnson is suffering the loss of his wife. People deal with grief in many different ways. Both characters had behavioral or cognitive changes and quest ioned their spirituality while dealing with such a heavy loss but acted on it in different ways. After his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death Hamlet allows his grief to consume his life. He wantsRead MoreThe Death Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare Essay2134 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesin return for a wrong; returning evil for evil, vengeanceÃ¢â¬ (Webster Dictionary). This play introduces Hamlet, a prince who goes on the quest to take revenge on his uncle who killed his father and Hamlet wonÃ¢â¬â¢t rest on until he gives his uncle the punishment for killing the king. But this quest for him to get his revenges has some consequences that could lead to many deaths including himself. Hamlet thirst for revenge clouds his judgements, which leads to drastic consequences. The feeling of revengeRead MoreFamily in Jane Eyre and Hamlet2673 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesIn both William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play, Ã¢â¬ËHamletÃ¢â¬â¢ and in Charlotte BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s novel, Ã¢â¬ËJane EyreÃ¢â¬â¢ the self is an extremely powerful notion. One of the main constraints and one of the main motivators in both texts is the importance and influence of the family. Both texts explore the powerful impact of the family, or perceived family, to define or shape the self and the extent of influence that the family can have to alter, prevent or encourage development of the self. This influence is used effectively byRead MoreThe Ghost Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1566 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaround the platform in the the castle. The ghost was first discovered by the watchman, Francisco, then by Horatio. The ghost resembles King Hamlet who had recently passed away. His brother Claudius inherited the throne and married Queen Gertrude who was previously HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and now the joint of the country. When Horatio and the watchmen bring Prince Hamlet, the son of Gertrude and the dead king to see the ghost, it speaks to him. The ghost said that it was his father but they did not know whetherRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Othello 2012 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPersuasive/ Argumentative Essay: CONFLICT IS INDISPENSABLE TO DRAMA. SHOW THAT HAMLET PRESENTS BOTH AN OUTWARD AND INWARD CONFLICT. Submitted By: Jessica Gnanayutham Submitted To: Christopher Premdas Submitted On: January 15, 2015 Course: ENG 4U1 Ã¢â¬Å"I think what makes people fascinating is conflict, its drama, it s the human condition. Nobody wants to watch perfection. - Nicolas Cage As written above Nicholas Cage states that conflict is a definite part of us, human beings.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The Changing of the Food Industry Ã¢â¬Å"In many respects, the fast food industry embodies the best and worst of American capitalism at the start of the twenty-first century Ã¢â¬â its constant stream of new products and innovations, its widening gulf between gulf between rich and poorÃ¢â¬ (Schlosser 6). In 2001 Eric Schlosser published Ã¢â¬Å"Fast Food Nation.Ã¢â¬ Eric SchlosserÃ¢â¬â¢s early 21st century muckraking text, Ã¢â¬Å"Fast Food Nation,Ã¢â¬ attempts to shed light on the consequences of the fast food industry on American society. The rise and growth of the fast food industry, like the meatpacking industry, illuminates the evolution of the American dream in post-World War II America. Ã¢â¬Å"Fast Food NationÃ¢â¬ is a book about fast food, the values it embodies, and the worldÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After WWII many women entered the workforce which only fueled the fast food industry. Ã¢â¬Å"A generation ago, three-quarters of the money used to buy food in the United States was spent to prepare meals at home. Today about half of the money used to buy food is spent at restaurants Ã¢â¬â mainly fast food restaurantsÃ¢â¬ (Schlosser 4). Typical jobs of a housewife, such as cooking and cleaning, are now being done by other industries (Schlosser 4). The men and women of the household no longer have the time or energy after work to prepare a meal, so they turn to the fast food industries to do the job for them. Society today is starting to believe that the American dream can simply be advertised and purchased. Another social outcome from the fast food industry is that Ronald McDonald, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s fictional character, is now the second most recognized fictional character behind Santa Claus and some donÃ¢â¬â¢t even recognize Jesus Christ (Schlosser 4). The Golden Arches of McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s are now more widely known than the Christian Cross (Schlosser 5). It is these things that are scaring a lot of Americans. Kids recognize and know more fast food companies than they do about school, religion, and other things they may need to know in the future. The fast food industry has played a role in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. Fast food restaurants are the leaders in so many different things. They lead in marketing and jobs employed. Ã¢â¬Å"The tremendous success of the fast food industry has encouraged otherShow MoreRelatedFast Food Nation1271 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroÃ toÃ PoliticalÃ Science 5/12/2013 FastÃ FoodÃ Nation TheÃ investigativeÃ journalist,Ã EricÃ Schlosser,Ã hasÃ writtenÃ aÃ bookÃ toÃ illuminateÃ anÃ epidemicÃ that startedÃ inÃ AmericaÃ andÃ isÃ nowÃ becomingÃ oneÃ ofÃ theÃ worldÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ largestÃ problems.Ã InÃ FastÃ FoodÃ Nation, SchlosserÃ framesÃ todayÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ FastÃ FoodÃ giantsÃ inÃ history,AmericanÃ entrepreneurialism,Ã andÃ over consumptionÃ inÃ respectÃ toÃ consumerÃ andÃ employeeÃ wellbeing.Ã TheÃ powerÃ ofÃ allÃ modernÃ FastÃ Food giantsÃ combinedÃ haveÃ eclipsedÃ theÃ powerÃ ofÃ anyÃ oneÃ government.Ã MarketingÃ hasÃ becomeÃ aÃ keyRead MoreFast Food Nation1133 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFast Food Nation Fast Food Nation, by Eric Schlosser, is a stark and unrelenting look into the fast food industry that has ingrained itself in not only American culture, but in culture around the world. There is almost no place on earth that the golden arches has not entered. Aside from Antarctica, there is a McDonalds on every continent, and the number of countries that have fast food restaurants is growing on a daily basis. Schlosser describes in detail what happens behind the scenes, beforeRead MoreFast Food Nation2536 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesDialectical Journal Ã¢â¬â Fast Food Nation 1. Ã¢â¬Å"Hundreds of millions of people buy fast food every day without giving it much thought, unaware of the subtle and not so subtle ramifications of their purchases. They rarely consider where this food came from, how it was made, what it is doing to the community around them. They just grab their tray off the counter, find a table, take a seat, unwrap the paper, and dig inÃ¢â¬ (Schlosser 10). In this passage from the introduction, Eric Schlosser directly statesRead MoreFast Food Nation Examines The History Of The Fast Food1847 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesFast Food Nation examines the history of the fast food industry as the world began to consume the idea of quick and easy cuisine. This piece of investigative journalism really gives it s readers a look at the fast food industry and its development over time. This book is divided into two sections. The first section delves into the beginnings of the industry and how it developed into the large corporational business it is today. Th e second section examines the business behind the scenes. The bookRead MoreExamples Of Rhetorics In Fast Food Nation1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvery effective or ineffective at persuading an audience. This is seen in Eric SchlosserÃ¢â¬â¢s book Fast Food Nation in which he uses the three rhetoric tenets to better assure his claim of fast food but also use the rhetoric tenets ineffectively in an argument. By using these rhetorical ideas, his writing is very persuasive at points but also left unsuccessful at other times. The use of ethos in Fast Food Nation is seen many times to help Schlosser appeal as credible and trustworthy while ensuring thatRead MoreFast Food Nation: The Inconvenient Truth of Fast Food Essay572 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Ã¢â¬ËFast Food NationÃ¢â¬â¢ by Eric Schlosser traces the history of fast food industry from old hot dog stands to the billion dollar franchise companies established as America spread its influence of quick, easy and greasy cuisine around the globe. It is a brilliant piece of investigative journalism that looks deep into the industries that have profited from the American agriculture business, while engaging in labor practices that are often shameful. In Fast Food Nation, Schlosser goes beyond the factsRead MoreEric Schlossers Fast Food Nation And The Jungle1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFast food restaurants exude bright colors, distribute meals with toys, and create a sense of happiness, but what truly goes on behind the scenes of this magical industry? In Eric SchlosserÃ¢â¬â¢s Fast Food Nation and Upton SinclairÃ¢â¬â¢s The Jungle, the authors use similar rhetorical strategies to reveal the motives and unconventional practices of the food industry. Schlosser conveys his purpose through the utilization of pathos, ethos, anecdotes and imagery as compared to Sinclair who uses historical referencesRead MoreFast Food Nation Essay804 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstudy called Ã¢â¬Å"Fast Food Nation 2008. The panel consisted of 1,000 respondents of ages 16-65 who provided their inputs with an online survey which was conducted between March 13 through 2008. Which was based on results on fast food restaurants like McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s, Burger King , and WendyÃ¢â¬â¢s are gaining popularity even through the economic hardship and recession. Marketing strategy has become more of influence on kids and young AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s. As population grows and the demand increases of fast food restaurantsRead MoreFast Food Nation By Eric Schlosser1678 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Congress should ban advertising that preys upon children, it should stop subsidizing dead-end jobs, it should pass tougher food safety laws, it should protect American workers from serious harm, it should fight against dangerous concentrations of economic power (Schlosser). People must wonder how is it that a fast food company has so much customers. Advertising is the answer. The power advertisers have to be able to influence so many people s decisions and affect peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives especially the livesRead MoreFast Food Nation, by Eric Schlosser Essay1928 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe most shocking books of the generation is Eric SchlosserÃ¢â¬â¢s Fast Food Natio n. The novel includes two sections, The American Way and Meat and Potatoes,Ã¢â¬ that aid him in describing the history and people who have helped shape up the basics of the Ã¢â¬Å"McWorld.Ã¢â¬ Fast Food Nation jumps into action at the beginning of the novel with a discussion of Carl N. Karcher and the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s brothers. He explores their roles as Ã¢â¬Å"GodsÃ¢â¬ of the fast-food industry. Schlosser then visits Colorado Springs and investigates
Friday, May 15, 2020
One of the largest issues today is adolescent smoking. According to a heath based website, nearly 90% of adult smokers start while they are still teens and they never intend to get hooked. They may start by bumming a cigarette or two from a friend at a party, and then go on to buying an occasional pack. Soon they realize that they cant go without that pack. Theyve gotten used to reaching for a cigarette first thing in the morning, after meals, or during any stressful time. They become addicted, both physically and psychologically. According to the American Lung Association, each day 6,000 children under the age of 18 smoke their first cigarette. Almost 2,000 of them will become regular smokers Ã¢â¬â thatÃ¢â¬â¢s 757, 000 new smokers annually!Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These teens may think that smoking shows that they are old enough to make their own decisions. To make matters worse, the tobacco companies are making millions from teen smokers. Tobacco companies use advertising to manipulate both teens and adults. They present images that are hard to shake, even when you know the truth. Have you ever seen a cigarette ad where people are wrinkled, middle-aged or coughing and in the hospital dying of lung cancer? Of course not! In most ads, smokers are shown the way that teens would like to be: attractive and hip, sophisticated and elegant, or rebellious. A 2002 study performed by the Research Triangle Institute states that the tobacco companies make 1.8 billion dollars annually from underage sales. It is interesting that they are making such large profits when it is illegal for a person under the age of 18 to purchase cigarettes. A recent survey by the The American Lung Association indicated that among students under 18 years old who were current smokers, 69.4% reported never being asked for proof of age when buying cigarettes in a store, and 62.4% were not refused purchase because of their age. The tobacco industry kills more people in North America from Monday to Thursday of each week than the terrorists murdered in total on September 11, 2001. That sounds unrealistic, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t it? Well, smoking is an epidemic that affects us all, whether you are a smoker or you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t. In order to stop this epidemic, we need toShow MoreRelated Teens And Smoking Essay1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Teens and Smoking Abstract Cigarette smoking is of interest to the National Institute on Drug Abuse both because of the public health problems associated with this form of substance abuse and because this behavior represents a prototypic dependence process. In the past few years the government has made every effort to reach the masses, in an attempt to curb the exploitation of tobbacco use, and its acceptance among Americas Youngsters. However, cigarette smoking among adolescents is on the riseRead MoreSmoking Among Teens2694 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesTopic: Smoking Thesis: Smoking among teens has been increasing in an alarming rate. What are the effects on cigarette advertising has on the teenagers and the numerous ways to quit smoking. Related Issues: 1. Reasons why teens pick up the habit of smoking 2. The Effects of Tobacco Advertisement 3. The numerous reasons people give up smoking 4. The Health benefits of quitting 5. Numerous Steps to quitting TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Abstract pg 3 2. Introduction pg 4 3. LiteratureRead MoreKentuckys Youth and Teen Smoking1020 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrevenue from tobacco taxes to fund smoking cessation programs, and improve the quality of anti-smoking advertising campaigns. Teenagers normally function financially on a very fixed income, commonly working part time for minimum wage. With cigarette prices at $4.50 per pack a high school student can afford to smoke regularly, but when you double that price a student will think twice about the value of cigarettes. With the numerous health risks associated with smoking, buying cigarettes at any priceRead MoreTeen Smoking : By Chris Woolston950 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhile the article text written about Teen Smoker. I found that, today, as months turn into days and days into hours, the population of teen smokers dramatically increases. Apparently, there is enough material that helps to expound on this thesis. The author gives sufficient data about how teen smokers are increasing among youths citing ample convincing evidence from prior researches. He also gives the causes of the augmentation of the smoking behavior among teens and effective ways through which theRead MoreTeen Smoking : Education And Prevention1 146 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Teen Smoking: Education and Prevention Virginia Western Community College Jessica Baise Assessment Public Health Problem Tobacco use usually begins during youth and young adulthood. Every day in the United States, more than 3,800 youth under the age of eighteen smoke their first cigarette. (Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults , n.d.) The progress of smoking occasionally to smoking every day is due to the highly addictive drug called nicotine. There are several reasonsRead MoreThe Addiction Of Cigarettes And Teen Smoking894 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdue to peer pressure. Smoking was my way of building social relationships. However, soon I was smoking more or an equal amount of cigarettes than my friends. Since the age of 19, I have been smoking twenty cigarettes a day, which is a pack of cigarettes daily. My addiction to cigarettes is a problem because it is affecting my health. I become fatigued due to smoking. When I do not smoke, I become stressed. Smoking also damages my cardio-respiratory system. In addition, smoking is affecting me economicallyRead MoreTeen Smoking : Education And Prev ention Essay3239 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages1 Teen Smoking: Education and Prevention Teen Smoking: Education and Prevention Virginia Western Community College Jessica Baise Assessment Public Health Problem Tobacco use usually begins during youth and young adulthood. Every day in the United States, more than 3,800 youth under the age of eighteen smoke their first cigarette. (Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults , n.d.) The progress of smoking occasionally to smoking every day is due to the highly addictive drugRead MoreThe Effects Of Smoking On Teens Ability On Learning2910 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesIntroduction Smoking has been a controversial topic ever since the 20th century. According to U.S Department of Health and Human, smoking has been recognized as the leading preventable cause of death in the United States in which 443,000 deaths are caused by intended active smoke and passive second-hand smoke each year. In addition, smokers are considered to be more likely to develop many diseases including coronary heart disease, respiratory disease, and lung cancer, and therefore tobacco use costsRead MoreTeen Smoking : Killing You Softly2315 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages Teen-Smoking: Killing You Softly Have you ever made bad decisions as a teenager? Consider the following: alcohol, drugs, theft, DUI, and skipping school. The life as a teenager is a constant battle for social esteem, yet in the myopic quest for that ephemeral satisfaction many make decisions based on impulses that trump morality and logic; one of the most detrimental is smoking. The Centers and Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) completed a research of estimating the use of cigarettes amongRead More Teen Smoking Essay764 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Tobacco Advertising and its dangerous effects on young people. Tobacco Advertising Makes Young People Their Chief Target nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Everyday 3,000 children start smoking, most them between the ages of 10 and 18. These kids account for 90 percent of all new smokers. In fact, 90 percent of all adult smokers said that they first lit up as teenagers (Roberts). These statistics clearly show that young people are the prime target in the tobacco wars. The cigarette manufacturers
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The American Civil War, fought from 1861 to 1865, determined the condition of the United States. The Southern slave states, also known as the Confederate States of America upon their secession from the country, attempted to keep the system of slavery alive for as long as possible. Many combats were fought during this four-year period; specifically, the battle in the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania from July 1st Ã¢â¬â 3rd, 1863, proved to be a pivotal turning point in the war. Author Henry Pfanz describes the battle in great detail in his historical analysis, Gettysburg: The First Day, examining the choices and costs made by both the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. The vital decisions made duringÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦To BufordÃ¢â¬â¢s credit, his defensive skills proved to be paramount that morning. Leading multiple brigades, he successfully defended his men against Confederate forces: Ã¢â¬Å"Though the cavalryÃ¢â¬â¢s morn ing battle was essential to the Union success at Gettysburg, it seems not to have been the knock-down, drag-out fight that some of the cavalrymen claimed it to beÃ¢â¬ . Arguably, Buford also understood the land of Gettysburg better than any other general. He recognized the importance of high ground around Gettysburg; the hills were perfect for his advantage. More importantly, he recognized that if Confederate forces seized said hills in the adjacent land, Meade and the Union Army of the Potomac would not stand a chance. To prevent such disaster, BufordÃ¢â¬â¢s brigades set up camps west of Seminary Ridge. His personal headquarters, the Eagle Hotel, intersected Chambersburg and Washington streets in the northeast corner. Pfanz suggests that the people of Gettysburg even felt safe with Buford in their incidence: Ã¢â¬Å"Although they [people of Gettysburg] had seen Confederate campfires on South Mountain and had a near visit by PettigrewÃ¢â¬â¢s brigade, the presence of BufordÃ¢â¬ â¢s troopers gave them a sense of securityÃ¢â¬ . BufordÃ¢â¬â¢s excellent defensive strategies reflected the performance of his troops, and thus, saved the Union I Corps from potential obliteration by rebel forces for days to come. Initially,
The Cold War Rhetoric of the Lysenko Era During the Cold War, the Soviet Union forced its biologists to support the theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics, which opposed the conventional theory of genetics accepted by the scientists in America and most of the world. This theory that environmentally induced changes to an organismÃ¢â¬â¢s physical or biochemical traits could be passed on to its offspring was the main tenet in LamarckÃ¢â¬â¢s work during the early 1800s. It was accepted by most biologists during LamarckÃ¢â¬â¢s time, until the work of Darwin on evolution by natural selection in the mid-1800s and the discovery of MendelÃ¢â¬â¢s work on heredity in the early 1900s lead most biologists to discount LamarckÃ¢â¬â¢s theory. However, inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A Soviet scientist, Medvedev, argues that the dominance of Lysenkoism in the Soviet Union was caused by Ã¢â¬Å"the classification of science as bourgeois or proletarian, the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s aim to increase agricultural productio n, the censorship in the press, the isolation of Soviet scientists, and the SovietÃ¢â¬â¢s centralization of scienceÃ¢â¬ (247-252). Joravsky, an American scholar, discounts MedvedevÃ¢â¬â¢s argument on the influence of Marxist theory and emphasizes LysenkoÃ¢â¬â¢s appeal to improving collectivized agriculture (The Lysenko Affair 228). Soyfer, a recent Russian scientist, adds that LysenkoÃ¢â¬â¢s appeal to StalinÃ¢â¬â¢s personal interests and views may have caused his popularity with the state (Lysenko and the Tragedy of Soviet Science 202). However, these scholars focus on the forces operating within the Soviet Union, and give little consideration to the larger Cold War climate. The rhetoric of LysenkoÃ¢â¬â¢s speech and other texts produced during the time shows that the Cold War had a profound influence on how ideas were interpreted. The Cold War environment may have motivated the Soviet state to support LysenkoÃ¢â¬â¢s theory because it conflicted at a fundamenta l level with the biological theory accepted in America and promised to propagate nationalist pride byShow MoreRelatedGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words Ã |Ã 99 Pagesfinding their way onto the Internet, info digitized (google books) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Much knowledge residing in books today that have not found their way onto the Internet (exclusive information) Ã¢â¬ ¢ ButÃ¢â¬ ¦ Gutenberg Project transcribes old literary texts from all eras, posting them online for free Ã¢â¬ ¢ Websites such as Questia and JSTOR store full academic journals, books, newspaper, magazines Ã¢â¬ ¦ (portable too!) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Also limits imposed by costs of publication, book cannot contain everything. Editors sometimes
Question: Write an essay on "Social Media Manipulation". Answer: Social media manipulation is the methodology that involves deliberate portrayal of an illusion or crafting an argument that serves the purpose of a particular individual, cause, community or group. In most cases these groups involve a particular party. The propaganda of a wrong notion to the mass is one of the tactics while the other techniques are use of false logic, suppression of true information and often making vicious attempt of diverting attention of the populace. It has been noted from time immemorial that the common mass has a very limited attention span and media manipulation functions exactly pin pointing on this psychology. Hence, social media manipulation is a process which often resorts to unethical practices to accomplish certain objectives. But incorporation of certain ethical principles may propel social media manipulation (SMM) into a more positive direction. The FCC once decided to propagate net neutrality by regulating broadband as a tool for public, eliminating any scope for discrimination between high paying users and the low paying ones in regards of speeding up traffic (Newhoff 2015). This has been, undoubtedly, viewed as a boon as it appeared to protect universal digital rights on one hand, and the government reaching out into the free market, on the other. But this has not kept at bay the unethical practices related to the information manipulation theory (Lee 2014). Viewed from both sides, the entire action seems to pave the way to freedom of speech and expression, which is a primary requirement of human mind that craves for freedom even before the basics. And in this regard, the credit also goes to the internet giants like Microsoft, Facebook, Google, Amazon, eBay etc (Newhoff 2015). But the notion, that digital media is the only tool that can be banked upon for freedom of expression and democracy, is a myth. Presently Facebook happens to be the most cherished social networking site used by members irrespective of age, sex, nationality, caste or creed. It has been now known for both manipulation of image and text (Manipulation by information 2010). Hence, it is utterly easy to manipulate public opinion or color the expression for or against a definite issue through Facebook. It is not illiteracy or lack of intelligence that plays the convict in this context, but aggregated impression that actually colors the thought process (Newhoff 2015). Unless someone is tedious enough to delve deep inside every story or perform thorough research, it is quite obvious to be influenced by conglomeration of images, posts and headlines. When someone performs a Google search, the researcher, in most cases, happens to search the first page only. The one who failed to exist on the first page actually ceases to exist on internet (Newhoff 2015). So search results are doctored by social media leading to optimizing the preferences. Social media somewhat dramatically plays with peoples thoughts, ideas and emotions and cunningly serves certain purpose or ascertain political outcomes and the entire act of guile goes unnoticed (Birkett 2016). The discussion, though, highlights the gloomy aspect of social media manipulation, there are ways which can be persuaded to convert or influence SMM for the best interest of people. The most important change that must be brought in this regard is to incorporate many different layers of editorial and journalistic positions within the system of SMM vertically (Ward n.d.). And in this respect it must be said that the manifold vertical layers should include citizen journalists and bloggers in the newsroom or such vigilant individuals must be somehow closely related with the newsroom. Moreover, every manipulative attempt must have to be evaluated by the global community and social media platforms must pave the way for free exchange of opinions on every such promotions having manipulative power (Ward n.d.). And it is primarily such revamping of the entire system of SMM that is going to ensure the presence of ethical principles in its domain. References Birkett, A. (2016). Online Manipulation: All The Ways Youre Currently Being Deceived. Lee, K. (2016). How to Win Friends and Influence Your Audience: 10 Theories to Know For Greater Persuasion. Newhoff, D. (2015). Social Medias Power to Manipulate. [online] The Illusion of More. Ward, S. (n.d.). Digital Media Ethics. [online] University of Wisconsis.